The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

今年,我最喜欢的人物报道可能是Kiki Zhao对中国目前读者最多的诗人之一余秀华激动人心的描写。余秀华是一个了不起的人。她患有脑瘫,过去41年里大部分时间生活在农村,在一张矮桌子上写作。高中没毕业的她说自己“在能读它们(名著)之前,我就知道如何写作了”。现在,她受邀前往斯坦福大学等地,她不愿被比作艾米丽·迪金森(Emily Dickinson)。

调查:“公积金二套房首付比再降”对市场影响有限

《火线警探》,FX,1月20日。副警长瑞兰·吉文斯(Raylan Givens,蒂莫西·奥利芬特[Timothy Olyphant]饰)与他的朋友兼天敌博伊德·克劳达(Boyd Crowder,沃尔顿·戈金斯[Walton Goggins]饰)之间爱恨交织的关系贯穿了整部剧,不管怎样,这个问题将在第六季,也就是最终季中得到最终解决。
电视剧版《三生三世十里桃花》于1月30日首播,由人气女演员杨幂和迪丽热巴主演。该剧讲述了一个小仙女和一位神仙的三世情缘。
国家统计局高级统计师绳国庆将这一下滑主要归因于食品价格下降了1.4%,这是15年来的首次下降。
年龄:43岁

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 这些房企11个月销售额突破千亿大关 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

变革与整合“双时代” 资本市场将推动家居企业转型

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

根据WTO的数据撰写该报告的反倾销专家克利夫?斯蒂文森(Cliff Stevenson)称,美国反倾销案件激增主要是因为钢铁行业。这一增长也表明,美国企业热衷提起反倾销诉讼的对象从中国一直延伸到澳大利亚、英国和荷兰等国。
stress
In the most significant change in methodology since this ranking was first published in 2005, the FT now collects information about alumni’s first jobs after graduation. These data are used in conjunction with information about their current jobs, three years later. This allows the FT to calculate their salary increase since graduation — a new ranking criterion — as well as their career progress (see methodology).
据《重庆晨报》报道,经调查后,荣昌警方于4月29日以危害公共安全的罪名逮捕了周某。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

但是,贝克?麦坚时律所并购业务主席迈克尔?德佛朗哥(Michael DeFranco)对中国企业在发达经济体投资表示赞赏。
Rana Foroohar
洛德《情景剧》

贵州新型建筑建材业到2020年将超2200亿

她还表示,从较长期来看,另一个让她担心的“R”是“重置”(reset),她解释称,全球各地的货币和财政政策在回归正常之前还有很长的路要走。她补充称:“最终的重置是那些在全球各地都有必要实施的结构性改革。”
It was visible, for example, on many of Frida Giannini’s Gucci runways, including the tablecloth shades and A-line shapes of leathers for autumn-winter 2014; the pastel tunics and ruffled hostess dresses of spring-summer 2013; the bright Beatle trouser suits and caftans of spring-summer 2009.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 卫浴企业积极寻出路 “定制”成最大盈利增长点 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

这一现象值得注意。巴西是个多种族国家,黑人占总人口比例位居世界第二,仅低于尼日利亚。在2010年的人口普查中,超过一半的巴西人认为自己是黑人或混血儿。
这枚奖牌拍出的高价远远超过了该拍卖行预计的成交金额——5万美元到10万美元。此前,仅有1903年诺贝尔和平奖奖牌在1985年被拍卖,拍得将近1.7万美元。
谷歌的品牌价值现在超过了1090亿美元,比苹果公司要高大约20亿美元,这使其成为了全世界最赚钱的公司。
作为门户网站,雅虎将移动技术作为扭转厄运的重中之重。它将目光投向了英国少年尼克达洛伊西奥(Nick D'Aloisio)和Summly,后者能够为小屏幕设备自动生成新闻摘要。

建筑涂料市场营销 或许需要重新定位

我冒死地想一想,湖人队在几周后会不会也加入这一阵列呢?照目前这情况,他们必须打出史诗级别烂地比赛才能留住他们的选秀权(给费城的前三保护签位),问题取决于他们是会围绕现有阵容继续缓慢地重建呢还是为了得到下一个巨星扔掉一两个年轻球员呢。
让别人都滚粗闭嘴,这样你就能特别牛掰地走入“记忆宫殿”了。
注册人数:424人
In this May 6, 1998, file photo, Steve Jobs of Apple Computers unveils the the new iMac computer in Cupertino, Calif
Other engines cited among 2014’s best include turbodiesels in the BMW 5 Series luxury sedan and the compact Chevrolet Cruze, the horizontally opposed 2.7-liter six-cylinder in the Porsche Cayman two-seat sports coupe and the 1.8-liter turbo-four in the compact Volkswagen Jetta sedan.
But as economic growth slows in China, institutional investors from further afield say the city’s property market has overheated and is entering a correctional phase.
China purchased 141,000 industrial robots in 2017, up 58.1% year-on-year, but foreign brands accounted for nearly three quarters of that, showing that the gap is still widening between Chinese robot makers and their foreign peers.
单词revision 联想记忆:
Demagogues are the Achilles heel of democracy.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

While Switzerland’s University of St Gallen retains the top spot, French and British business schools, with 24 and 18 programmes respectively, are the backbone of the 2017 FT ranking of 95 programmes around the world. More than half of UK schools move up the ranking, compared with one in France. A third of British schools rise five places, in contrast to the two-thirds of French schools that drop five or more places.
在你死后,数以百计的基因会突然活跃起来,而且还会继续活动长达4天。3月份的一个实例表明,在人死后,尸体的大脑还会活动长达10分钟,连同这个无法解释的实例,我们开始意识到我们所了解的死亡依然保有一些奇怪的生命迹象。
周二,萨尔州成为德国第一个禁止外国政客拉票的地区。德国数个地方议会基于消防安全等技术原因,取消了土耳其部长们原计划的拉票集会。
5.你午饭谈了四个小时那么久或者有太多的牙医预约。
core

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

据高部长称,在“十三五”计划期间,中国在与“一带一路”的国家形成优势互补的跨国产业链、价值链的同时,还将持续大力改善投资环境,充分挖掘市场潜力。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

In early December, authorities announced that market circuit breakers would be introduced become effective from January 1 in an effort to limit the volatility seen during the savage, summer sell-off from June. The circuit breakers would see trading in shares, options and futures halted for 15 minutes if they fell by more than 5 per cent. On their first day of use, that first threshold was breached just after the return from the lunchbreak, prompting a 15-minute halt.
2. 大卫·维勒莱斯(David Virelles),《姆波克》(Mbókò),ECM。才华横溢的年轻钢琴手大卫·维勒莱斯继续着对非洲-古巴文化与仪式的深入研究,带着有条不紊的酷意与精神上的开放性。罗曼·迪亚兹(Román Díaz)担任打击乐手,这张迷人的组曲有着既古典又现代的深刻内涵。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

随着他不断运用网络来搜集知识,达洛伊西奥意识到,他急需一个能让他快速确定文章阅读价值的方法。于是他构想了一个摘要工具,能运用语言学理论来编写低于400字的内容提要。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)